Negative leaders can have a profound impact on individuals, teams, and organizations. While positive leaders inspire and motivate, negative leaders can create division, unrest, and dysfunction within their teams. This article explores the effects of negative leadership on individuals, teams, and organizations, highlighting the importance of understanding the underlying issues behind team dysfunction.
Negative leaders often exhibit transactional leadership characteristics, focusing on their own and their subordinates' agendas rather than addressing individual needs. They engage in give-and-take relationships, using positive and negative motivation techniques. Positive motivation involves praise, rewards, and promises, while negative motivation employs negative feedback, threats, or disciplinary action. These negative leaders seek to maintain control and power, sometimes resorting to cruelty or manipulation. (Kellerman, 2004)
Negative or destructive leaders aim to create division and unrest within teams. They may intentionally or unintentionally separate and isolate team members, fostering high drama, gossip, and team sabotage. A negative leader's charm, intelligence, and charisma can manipulate followers and create an environment that supports negative behaviors. This leads to a shift in focus away from the leader and onto the dysfunction within the team, perpetuating negative behaviors. (Lipman-Blumen, 2005)
Under the influence of a negative leader, team members may choose to distance themselves from the leader or become loyal followers. The division within the team can disrupt teamwork efforts and result in high emotions, anxiety, and decreased productivity. Some followers may suffer in silence or seek to leave the team or organization, while others may form their own sub-teams to support one another and challenge the negative leader. The negative leader often rewards their devoted followers, further perpetuating the dysfunction. (Roter, 2011)
When faced with team dysfunction, it is crucial to examine the role of the leader. While there may be underlying issues within the team, often the behaviors and actions of the leader contribute significantly to the dysfunction. Leaders should not solely blame the team or focus on team-building exercises without addressing their own negative leadership style. By seeking input and insights from all team members, organizations can better understand the root causes of team dysfunction and develop appropriate interventions.
Negative leaders have a detrimental impact on individuals, teams, and organizations. Their transactional leadership style, use of negative motivation, and manipulation tactics create division and unrest within teams. Team dysfunction is often a result of the leader's behaviors and the reactions of team members. To address team dysfunction effectively, organizations must recognize the influence of negative leaders, take proactive measures to address their behaviors, and create a positive and supportive leadership environment. By focusing on effective leadership development, organizations can cultivate healthy and productive teams.